The scope of this section includes stationary and EV applications. For stationary applications, this includes the storage device or medium and any power conversion systems, control systems, and management systems up to the point of common coupling with a grid or premise. Systems include grid-connected batteries, dispatchable thermal storage, containerized compressed air, and flywheels. Control systems include:
- Machine logic control and systems—hardware and associated software used in the supervision, monitoring, and/or control of energy storage systems
- Man-machine interface—devices that require human intervention and are used to control or communicate the status of energy storage systems
- Systems integration—services to plan, develop, implement, and manage integrated energy storage systems
- Communications and software energy storage systems and the services they provide
For EV applications, this includes the battery cell and other constituent parts and components of the battery pack.